|Civil society preparations for the 7th BWC Review Conference 2011||The Authors|
How can Article X be implemented successfully?
Chandré Gould - "Making Article X work: practical considerations for implementation of Article X beyond 2011" - 3 February 2011 ↓expand↓
Gigi Kwik Gronvall - "Let's discuss the details" - 1 March 2011 ↓expand↓
Jez Littlewood - "Steering the debate in a practical direction" - 6 April 2011 ↓expand↓
Chandré Gould, Jeremy Littlewood and Gigi Kwik Gronvall - "How can Article X be implemented successfully?" - 9 August 2011 ↓expand↓
Comments on this discussion are welcome at Chandre Gould[at]issafrica.org.
Chandré Gould is a senior researcher at the Institute for Security Studies in South Africa. Between 1996 and 1999 she was an investigator and evidence analyst for the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, where she was involved in the investigation of Project Coast - the chemical and biological weapons programme of the Apartheid government. She continued research into Project Coast after the TRC. She has written widely on the South African chemical and biological weapons programme and the trial of Dr Wouter Basson, the head of that programme. In 2006 she obtained her PhD from Rhodes University. Recent publications include a 2009 book co-edited with Brian Rappert, titled ‘Biosecurity: Origins, transformations and practices’ (Palgrave). She has been engaged in various initiatives in South Africa and elsewhere in Africa to discuss dual-use issues with life scientists and to develop educational programmes on dual-use issues. She is a member of the Academy of Science of South Africa’s Working Group on Biosafety and Biosecurity.
Gigi Kwik Gronvall
Gigi Kwik Gronvall is a Senior Associate at the Center for Biosecurity of UPMC and an Assistant Professor of Medicine at the University of Pittsburgh. Dr. Gronvall’s work addresses the role of scientists in biodefense—how they can diminish the threat of biological weapons and how they can contribute to an effective technical response against a biological weapon or a natural epidemic. She served as the Science Advisor of the US Commission on the Prevention of WMD Proliferation and Terrorism from April 2009 until the Commission ended in February 2010. Dr. Gronvall is an Associate Editor of the quarterly journal Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: Biodefense Strategy, Practice, and Science. Dr. Gronvall received a BS in biology from Indiana University, Bloomington, her PhD in Biology from Johns Hopkins University, and was a National Research Council Postdoctoral Associate at the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) in Fort Detrick, Maryland.
Jez Littlewood is an Assistant Professor at the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs (NPSIA) and the Director at the Canadian Centre of Intelligence and Security Studies (CCISS) at Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada. He holds a First Class B.A. Honours degree (1995) from the Department of Peace Studies, University of Bradford where he also completed his PhD in September 2001. Between July 1998 and December 2001 he served as an Advisor to the United Nations Department for Disarmament Affairs in Geneva during negotiations to strengthen the BWC. In January 2002 Dr Littlewood joined the Mountbatten Centre for International Studies at the University of Southampton. In January 2005 he was seconded to the Counter-Proliferation Department of the UK Foreign & Commonwealth Office as an Advisor on biological weapons controls, completing that service in April 2007.